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Local Area Repeater
Quick-Guide - Clallam Co.

Central & East Ends

Frequency

Tone

 

145.130-

100.0

WF7W
Port Angeles

145.150-

114.8

N7UTB
Port Townsand

146.760-

100.0

W7FEL
Striped Peak

146.760-

77.0

W7FEL
Carlsborg RX

146.840-

100.0

VE7VIC
Victoria

145.190-

127.3

N7HNM
Lyman Hill

442.100+

100.0

KC7EQO
Blyn

443.950+

100.0

VE7RTC
Victoria

444.875+

107.2

VE7USA
Victoria

West End

146.660-

107.2

N7QDY
North Point

145.210- 100.0 W7FEL
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Repeater Technical Information


W7FEL Repeater System

The W7FEL repeater’s main transmitter and receiver are located at the State DNR’s Striped Peak communications site. This site hosts equipment operated by local, county, state, and federal public agencies, as well as TV translators and a high-power FM broadcast transmitter.

The repeater’s radio equipment consists of commercial two-way radio equipment manufactured by Motorola and GE (now known as M/A-Com). Because this site has a number of transmitters and receivers located very close to one another, careful and professional site engineering practices must be followed to prevent intermodulation and other types of interference, requiring expensive intermod surpression and filtering equipment in addition to the repeater’s standard equipment.

  Striped Repeater Tower
   

Striped Peak Communications Site
(click to enlarge)

 
 
 

Striped Peak Site Equipment

 
Transceiver Yaesu Fusion DR1X with Motorola Amplifier
Duplexer Wacom BPBR-643
Isolator/Circulator Sinclair Technologies PC2213 Intermod Surpression Panel
Transmitter Filtering Sinclair Technologies FP20107*3 Bandpass Cavity
Feedline Andrew LDF5-50A Heliax (125ft. run)
Antenna Sinclair Technologies SRL-235 Exposed Dipole Array, 3dB omni pattern
Repeater Controller Sierra Radio SRS200
Link Radio Motorola MaxTrac UHF
Link Antenna/Feedline Antenex Y-4303 3-Element Yagi, Andrew LDF4-50A Heliax (50ft. run)
Power Supply Astron RM-50M-BB, linear 37 amp (cont. duty) /w Battery Backup

  Forks Site Equipment
 
Transceiver Yaesu Fusion DR1X with Motorola Amplifier
Duplexer Sinclair Technologies Q2330E Res-Lok (Pass/Reject)
Feedline Andrew LDF5-50A 1/2 inch Heliax (131ft. run)
Antenna Telwave ANT-150 folded dipole at 36 feet
Repeater Controller Arcom RC210
Power Supply 48 to 12 Volt battery system as well as 110 V AC

 

Remote Receiver Project

With the exception of parts of the west end of Clallam County, the repeater’s transmitted signal is heard throughout the area with little difficulty, even with hand-held radios. For mobiles and base stations, accessing (also known as ‘hitting’) the repeater usually requires little difficultly as well. However, with the advent of affordable hand-held radios, many hams now commonly utilize hand-held radios for most of their VHF and UHF communications needs. This presents a problem with accessing the repeater, because even though repeater users using hand-held radios can hear the repeater well in many locations, that does not necessarily mean that repeater users will be able to be heard loud and clear through the repeater at that location. Geographic and man-made terrain (hills, buildings, etc.) can block a hand-held radio’s signal far more easily than a mobile radio or base station’s signal due to RF power and antenna constraints, preventing the user from accessing the repeater reliably. This commonly results in a weak and scratchy signal heard by everyone else. There are many solutions to this problem however, most of them very costly. An affordable option used in this case is to install remote receivers. 

In its simplest configuration, a repeater’s equipment is all located at the same physical site, where it receives a signal on the input frequency, and re-transmits the signal out over the repeater’s output frequency. For a repeater with remote receivers, it operates the same as described, but the repeater receives signals on the input frequency from not only the main repeater site, but also from additional remote locations as well. By placing remote receivers closer to users of the repeater, the repeater’s receive coverage is drastically enhanced.

One of the most common misconceptions of what is being accomplished here is that the repeater’s transmit coverage (otherwise known as the user’s ability to hear the repeater) will be improved as well. In this design, that is not the case - this design only improves receive coverage - the user’s ability to access the repeater only. Everyone will still hear the repeater from Striped Peak - the idea here is to localize the repeater’s receiver to closer locations to the user than the main receiver location.

Each remote receiver, along with the main receiver, has its own unique CTCSS tone required for repeater access. Whenever a user keys their radio with a specific CTCSS tone, all of the receivers in the system listening on the input frequency will listen, but only one of them will pass the signal on to the main transmit site.

A remote receiver is basically two radios connected together - a VHF receiver and UHF transmitter. Whenever a VHF signal is received on the repeater’s input frequency with the appropriate CTCSS tone (Carlsborg being 77Hz for example), the audio from that signal is sent from the VHF radio over to the UHF radio, transmitting out on a UHF link frequency. This UHF link frequency is monitored by a link radio at the main site (Striped Peak in this case), and will re-transmit signals heard from the remote receivers out over the air on the repeater output frequency.

At the project’s current state, the W7FEL repeater system consists of three receivers - the main receiver at Striped Peak, the Ellis Mountain remote receiver, and the Carlsborg remote receiver. Whenever the main receiver is being used, a ‘single beep’ courtesy tone will be heard, and whenever any of the remote receivers are being used, a ‘douple beep’ courtesy tone will be heard. To determine which remote receiver is being used during a QSO, the Ellis receiver will have a longer squelch burst upon dekeying - the Carlsborg receiver will only have a couple quick clicks upon dekeying.

For site locations and coverage, see the ‘Location & Coverage’ page for details.

   
 

Please contact the Repeater Trustee for additional technical information.
For additional technical information regarding repeaters in general, please visit Kevin Custer W3KKC’s
Repeater Builder website.